What can you find on the Refuge?  This list is a sampling of the many native species found in Northern Illinois and Southern Wisconsin. Have you spotted something? Send us a note, or share a photo and we will post it on our social media. Come back to this page to see new updates & information.

HINT: Looking for more? Try a Google search using the Latin name – often this results in finding more information and images.


american badger-KariCieszkiewicz-CCAmerican Badger (Taxidea taxus)




bobcat-ShenandoahNP-CCBobcat (Lynx rufus)




chipmunk-PattiPetersen-CCChipmunk (Tamias striatus)




coyote-SteveThompson-CCCoyote (Canis latrans)




eastern-cottontail-rabbit-JesusMoreno-CCEastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus)




eastern-mole-calinsdad-CCEastern Mole (Scalopus aquaticus)




gray-fox-StephenRahn-CCGray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)




ground-squirrel-USFWS-Midwest-CCThirteen-lined Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus)




Plains Pocket Gopher
Red Fox
Striped Skunk
Tree Squirrel
Virginia Opossum
Woodchuck or Groundhog


American Crow
American Robin
Black-Capped Chickadee
Brown Creeper
Canada Goose
Chipping Sparrow
Downy Woodpecker
Eastern Bluebird
eastern-meadowlark-AlanSchmierer-CCEastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)



Eastern Wild Turkey
European Starling
Grasshopper Sparrow
Hairy Woodpecker
Hermit Thrush
House Sparrow
Northern Cardinal
Red-Bellied Woodpecker
Red-Winged Blackbird
ruby-crowned-kinglet-AlanSchmierer-CCRuby Crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)




Sandhill Crane
Savannah Sparrow
Song Sparrow
Wood Thrush

Bird Resource Links:
McHenry Audubon
McHenry Audubon’s Checklist of Birds

Checkered Skipper
Giant Swallowtail
Tiger Swallowtail
monarch-butterfly-linda-oefflingMonarch (Danaus plexippus)




mourning-cloak-butterfly-linda-oefflingMourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)




Painted Lady
Regal Fritillary
spring-azure-butterfly-AlanSchmierer-CCSpring Azure (Celastrina ladon)





Butterfly Resource Links:
McHenry County Audubon Checklist of Butterflies


Black Saddlebags
blue-dasher-dragonfly-AndrewHazen-CCBlue Dasher (Pachydiplax longipennis)




Common Green Darner (Anax junius)
Eastern Amberwing
Eastern Pondhawk
Halloween Pennant (Celithemis eponina)
Slaty Skimmer
spotted-skimmer-RickHansen-CCTwelve Spotted Skimmer (Libellula pulchella)




Dragonfly Resource Links:
Wild About Illinlois Dragonflies and Damselflies!


Bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus
Brook Stickleback, Culaea inconstans
Channel Catfish, Ictalurus punctatus

fantail-darter-ellen-edmonsonFantail Darter, Etheostoma flabellare



Orange Spotted Sunfish, Lepomis humilis
Pumpkinseed, Lepomis gibbosus
Smallmouth Bass, Micropterus dolomieu
Yellow Bullhead, Ameiurus natalis

Frogs & Toads

American Toad
Cricket Frog
grey-tree-frog---Kate-OBrien-CCGray Treefrog (Hyla versicolor)




Western Chorus Frog
Green Frog
Pickerel Frog
Northern Leopard Frog


Blue-Spotted Salamander
Tiger Salamander


Fox Snake
Gopher Snake (Pituophis catenifer)
Milk Snake
North American Racer (Coluber constrictor)
Plains Garter Snake
red-bellied-mudsnake-JohnSullivan-CC3.0Red-bellied Mudsnake (Farancia abacura)




Smooth Greensnake (Opheodrys vernalis)


snapping turtle Courtney CelleyCommon Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina)




painted turtle- LindaOefflingPainted Turtle (Chrysemys picta)




blandings-turtle-CourtneyCelley-CCBlanding’s Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii)



false-map-turtle-SamStukel-CCFalse Map Turtle (Graptemys psuedogeographica)



(Terrapene carolina carolina)Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina) 




common-musk-turtle-ColinOsborn-CCCommon Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus)